Mining Closure and Rehabilitation Plan

2017-3-8 · South African mining and associated legislation and policy places ultimate responsibility for mitigating environmental and social damage as a result of mining operations on mining companies themselves. The liability exists throughout the different phases of the mine, from commencement, during operations, post operations and mine closure.

History of Diamonds | Cape Town Diamond Museum

Over the next few years, South Africa yielded more diamonds than India had in over 2,000 years. The first diamond discoveries in South Africa were alluvial. By 1869, diamonds were found far from any stream or river. First in yellow earth …

Minerals and Mining Policy of South Africa: Green Paper ...

2021-11-26 · The end result of this, the most comprehensive consultative process yet conducted for a review of a minerals and mining policy in South Africa, was a document containing proposals that have been drafted after careful consideration of a very broad range of views. The submission of the document to the Minister of Minerals and Energy concluded the ...

Occupational respiratory diseases in the South African ...

2021-9-9 · years after gold-mining commenced. Most studies since then have been cross-sectional, with onlyone large cohort study being conducted on white miners; long-term trends have not been reported. Currently, South Africa has one of the highest rates of silicosis in the world. Silica is a component of igneous rock that is found throughout South Africa.

Mining and your Community: Know your Environmental …

2014-3-24 · South Africa. • The Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act, 2002 (the MPRDA). The MPRDA sets out the process a mining company must follow to get a licence or permit to mine. The MPRDA is administered by the Department of Mineral Resources. • The National Water Act, 1998 (the NWA) also has a role to play in regulating mining.

Kalaka Mining | Kalaka Calcitic Limestone

2017-8-28 · Kalaka Mining owns and is currently operating one of South Africa''s high-grade calcitic limestone mines, supplying classified, sized product for a cleaner and healthier world. 52% black owned Kalaka Mining, founded in 2015, is a continuation of, and an empowerment initiative of, Latilla Mineral Marketing Proprietary Limited (LMM).

25.2 Extracting ores | Mining of mineral resources | Siyavula

After learning that rocks contain minerals, we now explore how the minerals may be extracted so that they may be utilised. Mining plays an important role in the wealth of a country. Learners will therefore learn about the mining industry in South Africa and the impact that mining may have on a country and the globe.

Predictors of silicosis and variation in prevalence across ...

2020-6-1 · The stated intention to eliminate silicosis from the South African goldmining industry as well as current programmes to find and compensate ex-miners with silicosis require an understanding of variation in silicosis prevalence across the industry. We aimed to identify the predictors of radiological silicosis in a large sample of working miners across gold mines in …

Mineral resources and energy | South African Government

2021-11-19 · The Department of Mineral Resources and Energy (DMRE) is mandated to ensure the transparent and efficient regulation of South Africa''s mineral resources and industry, and the secure and sustainable provision of energy in support of socioeconomic development. A number of acts regulate the mining, minerals and energy sectors.

Mine Closure and Rehabilitation: Centre for ...

2017-10-25 · Mine closure included three key steps, namely, decommissioning and rehabilitation, relinquishment (issuing of a mine closure certificate) followed by the management of residual and latent risks. Although actual mine closure occurred at end of the mining cycle, the process to manage the closure effectively, had to start early in the life of the ...

THE SILICA INDUSTRY IN THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH …

process and zirconium basic sulphate process. Silica lumps are first crushed and sized to cobbles, pebbles and finer grades; it is sold in various crude or processed forms and generally has a purity greater than 98% SiO 2. Processed silica is defined as silica beneficiated after primary crushing, which

Silica Quartz

2019-12-23 · Suppliers of graded silica for glass, filtratation, industrial and foundry use. Silica Quartz mine is situated outside Delmas, on the border of Mpumalanga and Gauteng. In operation since 1972, Silica Quartz is among the largest …

Rehabilitation Plan and Closure Cost Estimate for the De ...

2018-1-20 · Mining in South Africa is renowned as a key element of economic development. However, ... Mine rehabilitation is a long term process which should ideally begin during the planning phase of a development. Mine closure should aim to …

1117 Dust control measures in the reduction of silica ...

In open cast mining the process of accessing the ore body involves the removal of the natural land surface, using mobile excavation equipment such as bull dozers, front end loaders, and haulage trucks. Recent studies have found that silica dust confers an increased risk for Tuberculosis, and that the risk persists even after dust exposure ends.

Chapter 2. Production and Processing of Aluminum

1999-5-7 · 1 process, invented in the 19th century, is by far the most important process used in the production of alumi-num oxide from bauxite. The process has been refined and improved since its inception. Fig. 2.2 shows that the production of alumina is a …

Miners can register for silicosis, TB claims online

2018-6-20 · A website and Facebook page have been launched to assist mineworkers and their families in registering their claims for silicosis and tuberculosis (TB) settlements. According to a statement issued ...

Jindal Africa

2021-11-29 · Jindal Africa is a part of Indian multinational conglomerate Jindal Steel and Power Limited (JSPL), which in turn is part of the US$18 billion, diversified O.P. Jindal Group. This industrial conglomerate is a leading player globally in the steel, power, mining, coal to liquid, oil & gas, and infrastructure sectors.Jindal recognises that Africa ...

Mine Accidents and Disasters | Department of Mineral …

South Africa is known for its diverse wealth of minerals, but even better known for a very well-regulated mining industry. The Mine Health and Safety Inspectorate continuously enforce legislation and national mining standards to reduce mining deaths and occupational injuries. Between 1984 and 2005, more than 11 000 mine workers died in South ...

Blood Diamonds

2021-11-14 · he Kimberley Process grew out of a 2000 meeting in Kimberley, South Africa, when the world''s major diamond producers and buyers met to address growing concerns, and the threat of a consumer ...

Prevention

2021-11-24 · Silica dust is present in many industries, including mining and quarrying where quartz concentrations are high, as is the case in many deep-level gold mines. If inhaled, crystalline silica dust may cause a fibrotic reaction (or scarring) in the lung, which results in restriction of lung elasticity.

Safe Mining Practices: 18 Mine Safety Tips | T.M.I.

Through testing and experience, the mining process has been tweaked to add resources and safety. The best practices in mining are less dangerous, more conscientious and more productive than previous procedures. The following 18 tips can increase the safety of your mining facility. 1. Prioritize Planning.

Chapter 23: Offshore Mining Industries

2016-1-25 · Chapter 23. Offshore Mining Industries Contributors: Elaine Baker (Lead member and Convenor of Writing Team), Françoise Gaill, Aristomenis P. Karageorgis, Geoffry Lamarche, o …

Progresses in restoration of post-mining landscape in Africa

2018-3-19 · Mining alters the natural landscape and discharges large volumes of wastes that pose serious pollution hazards to the environment, to human health and to agriculture. As a result, the recent 2 decades have witnessed a global surge in research on post-mining landscape restoration, yielding a suite of techniques including physical, chemical, biological (also known …

How Diamonds are mined | Shimansky

Discover how diamonds are mined, what the various diamond mining techniques are, and how diamonds are recovered from the rough ore. After hundreds of years of scientific advancements, diamond mining has now become an incredibly …

How Are Diamonds Mined? There Are Actually 3 Different …

2019-10-28 · While Africa was once the center of diamond mining, producing upwards of 90 percent of the global diamond supply, Africa now produces less than 50 percent of the world''s diamonds. Data from the 2016 U.S. Geological Survey states that Russia produces the most gem-quality diamonds—housing half of the world''s largest diamond mines ...

Silica Exposures in Artisanal Small-Scale Gold Mining in ...

2019-4-11 · Keywords airborne silica, gold mining, silica, silicosis, tubercu-losis, TB ... process minerals. While some attention is paid to reducing crystalline silica exposures in some large-scale mines in de- ... South Africa observed since the 1970s. Increased prevalence

Phase transformation of silica particles in coal and ...

1. Introduction. Silica (SiO 2) is a highly abundant mineral constituent constitutes 59% of the Earth''s crust and is the principal component of over 95% rocks (Hoy and Chambers, 2020).Silica naturally occurs in both amorphous and crystalline forms (Leung et al., 2012) crystalline silica, silicon and oxygen atoms are orientated and connected to each other in silicon-oxygen …

Samancor Chrome Mines

Samancor Chrome Mines. With low electricity prices, South Africa has been able to expand chromite and ferrochrome production more or less continuously since the AOD process was developed in the 1960s to use ferrochrome smelted from …

The risk of pulmonary tuberculosis in underground copper ...

2016-8-23 · Pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) among underground miners exposed to silica remains a global problem. Although well described in gold and coal mining, risk in other mining entities are not as well documented. This study aims to determine dust-related dose response risk for PTB among underground miners exposed to silica dust in Zambia''s copper mines.